Psychological Aspects and Adjusment of Pediatric Patients with Chronic Renal Disease
Keywords:pediatry, psychological reaction, chronic kidney disease, adjusment
AbstractThere is an ever increasing number of studies on the experience of pediatric patients suffering with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) resulting in the conclusion that chronic kidney disease affects the development of these patients, their behavior, emotions and social relations, causing a series of psychological reactions. The aim of this study was to make a review of the existing literature on psychological experience of patients with chronic kidney disease and their adjustement. The study findings are in the context of previous research and existing theories. Research was made in professional literature related to Chronic Kidney Disease in children and adolescents, selecting works published betwen years 1981 and 2014, using key terms such as children, adolescent, chronic kidney disease, in different combinations. Children starting from school age and later in their adolescence are in constant change, not only as regards their physical growth but also their emotional and sexual growth and coexistance for a long time with such a problem as kidney disease is very difficult and affects their lives in many ways. Simultaneously, CKD causes grave psychological damages. Survival to the disease is not satisfactory so deepening on desease perception, social and psychological factors affecting patients, are very important elements to improve the quality of life of these patients. Comprehension of their experiences is very important in order to decrease the effect of CKD on their lives and for them to receive the most effective treatment. Nephrologists andpsychologist can work together by helping make the connections between psychosocial and biological factors.
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