Albanian Teachers’ Approaches to Classroom Management
Keywords:classroom management, confident teacher, inner discipline, effective teaching
AbstractOne of the key elements in having an effective teaching and learning atmosphere goes through classroom management. On the other hand, different needs brought different approaches and strategies to solve the broad area of classroom management. The 21st century classroom managements require quite complex approaches. In this article it is aimed to present strategies used by teachers in classroom management. The researcher anonymously surveyed 45 teachers who were teaching in private institute in Tirana were asked to complete the Incredible Years Teacher Strategies Questionnaire (TSQ) section A and section B only to measure classroom management behavior and the frequency of use of five teacher strategies: praise and effectiveness, proactive strategies, limit-setting, total positive approaches, and inappropriate strategies. The variables such as gender, years of experience, and age that may influence teachers’ classroom management strategies and confidence are discussed. After analyzing the data, it was revealed that male and female teachers differ in terms of coaching, praise and incentives, proactive strategies, and social - emotional teaching strategies they employ. The results indicated that there was no relationship between years of experience and coaching, praise and incentives strategies and proactive strategies. Only there was a relationship between years of experience and social - emotional teaching strategies. However, they differed in terms of age, teachers in age group of 45-54 are better at coaching, praise and incentives, proactive strategies, and social - emotional teaching strategies. By analyzing the data, the results indicated that a solid half of the study’s participants were not using positive classroom strategies and lack of these classroom management strategies were also causing use of inappropriate classroom management techniques.
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