Perspectives of the Science of Criminology
Keywords:Criminology, Positive School, crises, paradigms of criminology, the future of criminology.
AbstractThe object of criminology is to investigate and explicate conducts contradicting social order. The roots of this science originate from the thoughts of the first generation of sensible men who were able to reflect over aggressive actions, suchlike murders or any other criminal conducts breaking social rules. In terms of moral, religious, philosophical or political outlook, the inception of criminology is even more ancient whereas from the doctrinal point of view, the origin of this science has been considered the XIX century. Later on, from the middle of the past century and on, while it was developing gradually, issues related to criminal offenses and felons were treated legally, considerations that had an effect into the future of the science in word. Criminal act may be related to political, legal, constabulary, medical, psychological or sociological issues. Deviation and criminal offenses should be analysed in terms of all these domains and precisely this is where criminology should be justified as a science, considering the pro and contrary attitudes, regarding its role as an auxiliary discipline. Therefore, it is crucial for the science of criminology not to experience any critical situations of other social sciences and not get apart from its base ideals. It should be linked more with the reality, including all actors, the society and its values, culture, etc., and respond to questions related to its own object of study, acknowledging limitations and fully playing its role in an unstable society in continuous transformation while considering the effects of its intrusions.
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