A Discussion on Sovereignty through World Society Concept
Keywords:Sovereignty, Society of States, World Society, Globalization, Non-state Actors, Humanitarian Interventions.
AbstractNowdays sovereignty is a very intensely contested and controversial concept. The changes in international realm had an increasing impact upon the sovereignty of states. For more than two decades scholars have shown a growing interest to adress the emerging challenges to sovereignty concept. After all, the question about how could genuinely be possible to respond to challenges toward sovereignty is still vibrant. This paper aims to discuss the challenges to state sovereignty within the English School Theory, particularly focusing in the debate between society of states and world society concepts. The main English School paradigm argues that society of states is the most effective social construction that promotes friendly coexistence between political communities, and therefore its main principles are already worldwide accepted. New events on international realm, such as humanitarian interventions, globalization and the growth of the international institutions and organizations, have affect the activity of the society of states, which is mainly based on respect for the principle of sovereign equality. Contemporary theorists of the English School have responded to challenges to state-centrism through the concept of world society, which emphasizes the importance of individual and transnational actors in world politics. The thesis of this paper argues that there is an overlapping between society of states and world society caused by impact these changes has on the sovereignty of states. In order to address the challenges to sovereignty, the paper seeks to provide a new theoretical framework through world society concept to a better explaination the current international practice and the need to redefine sovereignty. World Society is very helpful concept in addressing the issues of human rights agenda, globalization, non-state actors and deterritorialization, which have undeniable impact on sovereignty of state.
CC Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY4.0)