The integration in educational system of children with disability - a philosophy and a legal obligation


  • Entela HOXHAJ University of Shkodra "Luigj Gurakuqi", Albania
  • Irma Baraku



disability, inclusion, integration, reasonable appropriateness


The increasing fisibility of the children with disability or special needs enhanced the debate and efforts for a new philosohy related to the treatment? of disability problematics in general and, especially, to their education. The concept of diasbility has evolved to a model of integration and social inclusion, especially the social ?inclusion of children with disability in common schools?. The law 'On the protection from discrimination' prohibits discrimination on grounds of disability, and refusal of registration in an educational institution because of this ground. Furthermore, this law provides the obligation of statal institutions to take positive measures to make possible the enhance of education of vulnerable groups, including children with disability or special needs. These provisions would lack if not accompanied with the creation of a legal framework that explicitly provide for this inclusion philosophy and create the proper mechanisms to make it applicable. It is evident the indispensability of a multi-dimensional treatment of this problematic, that requires also the collaboration of many actors.? ?The innovative stands just in the creation of mechanisms that would make possible such an inclusion. This process requires directors of educational institutions and active and teachers, devoted on the integration of children with disability in every aspect of teaching and educational process.