TRANSITION ECONOMY IN KOSOVO AFTER THE WAR
Keywords:Shadow economy, Illiberal economy, black economy, political economy of war, conflict, war-economy, parallel economy, war and state-building, drug-trade, Albanian mafia, organised crime, social transformation, Serbian-Albanian relations, Balkans, Yugoslavi
AbstractThis article analyses the development and consolidation of an illiberal (or shadow), economy and its connection to political projects in Serbia and Kosovo. Here, some comparative remarks are made over the form of economy and its political connections and implications. In spiteof methodological problems with sources being scarce or of varying quality, the phenomenon ofilliberal economy and its coupling with political projects is too important to be neglected byresearchers. To some extent ’soft sources’ have been accepted here, where hard evidence is lacking.The article argues that the considerable consolidation of illiberal economies in Serbia and Kosovo(as elsewhere in the post-Yugoslav space) have been intimately connected to politics, politicalviolence and conflict in the region, and produced a transformation of wealth and resources. In thismanner the conflicts in the region can be analysed from the perspective of social transformation. Thelatter concept emphasises that the trajectory of social and political change is not necessarily linear,towards liberal democracy and market economy, which is implied in the concepts transition (wherethe end stage is assumed to be liberal democracy and market economy) or social breakdown (whichassumes a possible reconstruction to the norm of a harmonious state).
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