Acceptance of Violence and Its Concomitants Among Students from Three Types of Schools in Pakistan

Authors

  • Nazia Nazar Åbo Akademi University, Finland
  • Karin Österman
  • Kaj Björkqvist

Keywords:

Acceptance of violence, Pakistan, Urdu Medium, English Medium, Madrassa, physical punishment by teachers, psychological concomitants

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate associations between acceptance of violence and victimisation from physical punishment by teachers, self-esteem, and psychological concomitants among students from three school systems in Pakistan. A questionnaire was completed by 550 girls, and 550 boys. The mean age for girls was 13.3 years, and for boys 14.1. Boys accepted violence significantly more than girls. Students in Urdu Medium schools accepted violence significantly more than students in the Madrassa, and students in English Medium schools accepted it significantly least of all. In English Medium schools, girls accepted violence significantly more than boys, in Urdu Medium schools there was no sex difference, and in the Madrassa, boys accepted it significantly more than girls. Respondents who scored higher than average on acceptance of violence scored significantly higher on victimisation from physical punishment by teachers, anxiety, depression, and hostility, and had significantly lower self-esteem.

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Published

2020-10-12