Democracy and Its Rollback: Addressing Some Challenges of the Flawed Democratic Countries

  • Sri Nuryanti Center for Political Studies, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Abstract

In 2015, the Economist Intelligent Unit based in UK had released the Democratic Index covering the report of 167 countries among others are Indonesia and Thailand. Indonesia has 7, 75 total score while Thailand has 5, 09 total score have categorized the two countries into flawed democratic countries. They measured democracy from the following categories namely electoral process and pluralism, functioning of government, political participation, political culture and civil liberties. This paper is aimed at discussing the above five challenges of the so called flawed democratic countries from qualitative perspective employing some literature reviews, analyzing some secondary data and some thoughts of prominent politicians and scholars. Without trying to review the real parameters that have been used by the economist Intelligent Unit during their research, this study will discuss more on the challenges faced by Indonesian and Thailand government in addressing the related issue above. This study will analyze the post 2014 election, by having a look at the dynamics and process of election and its aftermath, some related issues on voting behavior that affecting the political participation (In Indonesia 2014 elections resulted at 75,11 percent for its legislative election, 69,58 percent for its Presidential election and Thailand 2 February 2014 election resulted at 47,72 percent due to boycotting election in 69 constituencies), the development of political culture as well as the issue addressing the implementation of political rights. Some findings suggest furthering the discussion by taking into account the emergence money politics and internal political situation that affecting on people participations in politics. From the preliminary study it is found that both two countries have significant challenges in the future in developing their culture of democracy. The provision of political laws in those two countries will also be examined in order to see the possible improvement for their democratic life performances.
Published
Oct 12, 2020
How to Cite
NURYANTI, Sri. Democracy and Its Rollback: Addressing Some Challenges of the Flawed Democratic Countries. European Journal of Social Sciences, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 3, p. 32-43, oct. 2020. ISSN 2601-8640. Available at: <http://journals.euser.org/index.php/ejss/article/view/4863>. Date accessed: 02 dec. 2020.