The Association Between the Contraction of Infectious Diseases and Aggressive Behavior at School: A Study Among Adolescents in Ejigbo, Lagos, Nigeria

  • Olaniyi Makinde Åbo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland
  • Kaj Björkqvist Åbo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland
  • Karin Österman Åbo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland

Abstract

The study investigated whether there is an association between the contraction of infectious diseases and peer aggression in a school context. The study was carried out among 284 adolescents (152 girls, 132 boys; M age = 14.2 years, SD = 1.7) in Ejigbo, Lagos, Nigeria. It was measured how frequently the adolescents had contracted malaria, yellow fever, typhoid fever, and cough & flu. Both the perpetration of and victimization from peer aggression at school was measured with an adapted version of the Direct & Indirect Aggression Scales. The results showed a clear association between the contraction of all measured infectious diseases and peer aggression. It is suggested that it is not a question of cause and effect, but that a third factor, possible overcrowding, is a risk factor for both outcomes.

Published
Mar 6, 2020
How to Cite
MAKINDE, Olaniyi; BJÖRKQVIST, Kaj; ÖSTERMAN, Karin. The Association Between the Contraction of Infectious Diseases and Aggressive Behavior at School: A Study Among Adolescents in Ejigbo, Lagos, Nigeria. European Journal of Social Science Education and Research, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 59-64, mar. 2020. ISSN 2312-8429. Available at: <http://journals.euser.org/index.php/ejser/article/view/4643>. Date accessed: 12 aug. 2020. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.26417/ejser.v7i1.p59-64.