Different Stakeholder’s Perspectives on Cultural Ecosystem Services: A Case Study of the Anzali Wetland, Iran

  • Sakineh Ghorbanzadeh Åbo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland
  • Kaj Björkqvist

Abstract

The study investigates local level environmental conflict between two groups of stakeholders, by analysing their opinions about the importance and use of the cultural ecosystem services of the Anzali Wetland in northern Iran. Data were analysed statistically on the basis of semi-structured interviews with 193 respondents from (a) administrators within the areas of forestry, agriculture, environment, and harbour, and (b) non-administrators, i.e. local people such as fishermen, hunters, and visitors. The results showed that there was a difference between the two groups of stakeholders regarding use of, and attitudes towards cultural services in the wetland. The sense of belonging to the place, and the importance of the cultural heritage were cited as more important among the non-administrators. They also used the wetland more for activities such as sports, social activities, fishing and hunting, while the administrators appreciated the wetland more for the enjoyment of its beautiful natural scenery. The locals used the wetland practically, while the administrators saw the importance of the wetland in more abstract terms. The study highlights the importance of assessing viewpoints of a variety of stakeholders, and including also cultural values in decision-making about ecosystem services.
Published
Apr 30, 2019
How to Cite
GHORBANZADEH, Sakineh; BJÖRKQVIST, Kaj. Different Stakeholder’s Perspectives on Cultural Ecosystem Services: A Case Study of the Anzali Wetland, Iran. European Journal of Social Science Education and Research, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 75-82, apr. 2019. ISSN 2312-8429. Available at: <http://journals.euser.org/index.php/ejser/article/view/ejser-2019.v6i1-540>. Date accessed: 18 nov. 2019. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.26417/ejser.v6i1.p75-82.