Specific Articulation Disorders in Children Native Speakers of Bulgarian – Distribution, Characteristics, Demographic Patterns

  • Ekaterina Todorova New Bulgarian University/ PhD, Assoc. Prof. Department of Health Care and Social Work

Abstract

The article presents a study of the articulation behaviour in 610 Bulgarian children aged 4 years and 5 months up to 7 years and 6 months. In 503 children (82%), incorrect articulation of consonant sounds from early, middle and late ontogenesis is established. The highest percentage of non-normative production is registered with sounds of early ontogenesis [l] 79% and [r] 43%. The percentage distribution of impaired articulation of ontogenetically middle fricatives is 27% for the group of [ʃ], [ʒ], [tʃ] and 20% for the group of [s], [z], [ts] respectively. Incorrect articulation of the ontogenetically early sounds [k, g] is recorded in 1% of the subjects surveyed for the [k] sound and 4% for the [g] sound. What is observed is the presence of age dynamics of impaired articulation where the number of children without disorders tends to increase with age. Another factor of influence on the distribution of the articulation disorders to be noted is the demographic one, i.e. the place of residence. The results obtained show a significant difference in the number of registered articulation disorders in children living in the capital of Bulgaria (Sofia) and living in other places. The established differences are related to the lack of a comprehensivel state policy (health and education) for the organization of prevention, diagnosis and therapy of communicative disorders.
Published
Apr 30, 2019
How to Cite
TODOROVA, Ekaterina. Specific Articulation Disorders in Children Native Speakers of Bulgarian – Distribution, Characteristics, Demographic Patterns. European Journal of Social Science Education and Research, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 51-56, apr. 2019. ISSN 2312-8429. Available at: <http://journals.euser.org/index.php/ejser/article/view/4266>. Date accessed: 24 june 2019.