Perceived Work Experience of Dutch Young Professionals-Dental Hygienists

  • Yvonne A.B. Buunk-Werkhoven RDH, PhDSPOH ARTS – International Oral Health Psychology, Amsterdam, The NetherlandsEducation of Dental Hygiene, HAN University of Applied Sciences, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • Stephanie E.M. Oudeman


Aim: This pilot study aimed to investigate the perceived work experience of Dutch Young Professionals-dental hygienists. Methods: In total 73 respondents completed an online questionnaire provided by various social media, e.g. Facebook and LinkedIn. Dutch ‘Young Professionals are dental hygienists who were just graduated or work as a clinical practitioner for maximal 5 years were included. Perceived work experience was measured by using two scales: a Dutch version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory; the Utrecht Burnout Scale (UBOS-C), and the short form Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9). The UBOS-C scale is designed for medical personnel and for professionals in human services and includes three dimensions of burnout: Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization, and Personal Accomplishment. The UWES is a hypothesized three-factor structure of work engagement: Vigor, Dedication and Absorption. For both scales, statements about how one feels at work were answered on 7-point rating scales (0 = never to 6 = always). Results: In total 73 ‘Young Professionals (8 percent male) with a mean age of 26.5 years (SD = 3.4) responded, and these dental hygienists (N = 72) reported to have an average weekly working hours of 32.9 hours (SD = 5.9). Three-quarters are employed Young Professional-dental hygienists, and mostly they work in dental team clinical practices. One out of six (16.4 percent ) dental hygienists in this sample reported to have had experiences with burnout. The internal consistency of all sub scales was in line with the manual; Cronbachs alpha varied from α = .65 to α = .93. The mean level of burnout was M = 2.62 (SD = 0.57) and for work engagement the mean level was M = 4.30 (SD = 1.14). The mean scores on the UBOS-C dimensions were Emotional Exhaustion: M = 1.98 (SD = 1.27); Depersonalization: M = 1.17 (SD = .85); Personal Accomplishment: M = 4.72 (SD = .78), and the mean scores on the UWES dimensions were Vigor: M = 4.14 (SD = 1.27); Dedication: M = 4.61 (SD = 1.30); Absorption: M = 4.14 (SD = 1.15). Among the Young Professionals-dental hygienists the levels of burnout for the dimensions Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization were ‘low, and for Personal Accomplishment it was ‘very high as compared to the manual norms. Moreover, the ‘Young Professionals reported an ‘average level of work engagement in comparison with the manual norms. Conclusions: These exploratory findings showed that the perceived work experience among Dutch Young Professionals-dental hygienists appears to be vital. Remarkable, for some respondents who reported to have had experienced burnout in the past, their outcomes measured by the UBOS-C for burnout were ‘low to ‘average, and additionally, for work engagement (UWES) their outcomes were ‘average. It is likely, that the previous burnout experiences of these respondents are associated with a relative lower score on the dimension Personal Accomplishment.We would like to thank Kim Marinussen and Mandy Rosenbrand for their support in the data collection.
Jul 18, 2018
How to Cite
BUUNK-WERKHOVEN, Yvonne A.B.; OUDEMAN, Stephanie E.M.. Perceived Work Experience of Dutch Young Professionals-Dental Hygienists. European Journal of Natural Sciences and Medicine, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, p. 69-69, july 2018. ISSN 2601-8705. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 22 july 2019. doi: