Competition and Cooperation in International Relations: the Shifting Politics of History Education and Identity Making

  • Eleftherios Klerides

Abstract

The 2006 Stocktaking Report of UNESCO on school history in Southeast Europe stresses that “History teaching plays an important role in the development of identity. In Southeast Europe, as elsewhere, history education has commonly been used as a tool for promoting nationalistic ideologies. However, it has also gained recognition as having a key role in the process of reconciliation, democratization and long-term stability” (p. 7). The current paper argues that this statement captures a certain truth about the relationship between history teaching and the making of identity: the shift from ‘traditional history’ and the making of homo nationalis to ‘new history’ and the making of homo interculturalis. But it does not capture other important truths about the historical and political embeddedness of this relationship and its shifting contexts. It specifically obscures changes in international relations that made this shift possible, by creating new spaces, technologies and networks of knowledge building. Perhaps more importantly, this statement suppresses contestation and a rivalry in imagining the form of this relationship. That is, as the new globalising imaginary of ‘new history’ and homo interculturalis interacts and endeavours to recast the entrenched institutions, policies and sites of the globalised imaginary of ‘traditional history’ and homo nationalis, it is met with opposition, triggering hegemonic struggles often with unpredictable ends.
Published
May 19, 2017
How to Cite
KLERIDES, Eleftherios. Competition and Cooperation in International Relations: the Shifting Politics of History Education and Identity Making. European Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 472-472, may 2017. ISSN 2414-8385. Available at: <http://journals.euser.org/index.php/ejms/article/view/2376>. Date accessed: 15 dec. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.26417/ejms.v5i1.p472-472.