Overview of the Immunization Situation in Albania

  • PhD Candidate Eftiola Pojani Catholic University “Our Lady of Good Counsel”, Tirana, Albania
  • Erida Nelaj
  • Associate Professor MD Alban Ylli

Abstract

Vaccination coverage is one of the most important components which describe the immunization situation in a country. Now days more and more combined vaccines are being used which help the immunization programs to achieve high coverage for more than one antigen. Another reason for coverage improvement is the use of one or two-dose vials for the administration of DTP-HepB–Hib or MMR vaccine, enabling the vaccination of children at any time. In the last three years vaccination coverage with two doses of MMR and three doses of DTP containing vaccines is more than 95% or sometimes even 98% at national level. The coverage of Hepatitis B vaccine is also high due to its use on 5 in 1 combination. The use of one dose vials has played an important role on sustaining and increasing vaccination coverage. Another component affecting the immunization situation in the country is the influence of parental knowledge for vaccines and vaccination in Albania. Collected data through the use of a questionnaire showed that 6% of respondents have had fear and consequently refused vaccination of their children. While 92% of parents had the opinion that information about the health benefits or risks of vaccines would be absolutely useful and given to them prior to vaccination from health care workers. 72% of the subjects were concerned about the side-effects but this concern hasn’t stopped them to vaccinate their children. 35% of the interviewed mothers were still concerned that their child would contract a disease even though he/she had been already vaccinated.
Published
May 19, 2017
How to Cite
POJANI, PhD Candidate Eftiola; NELAJ, Erida; YLLI, Associate Professor MD Alban. Overview of the Immunization Situation in Albania. European Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 259-263, may 2017. ISSN 2414-8385. Available at: <http://journals.euser.org/index.php/ejms/article/view/2346>. Date accessed: 19 oct. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.26417/ejms.v5i1.p259-263.