An Algorithm Describing the Verb Valence Changes in the Kartvelian Linguistic Space

  • Rusudan Asatiani

Abstract

The four vowel-prefixes of the verb, which are distinguished in the South Caucasian (resp. Kartvelian) languages, represent various verb forms, such as: transitive, causative, reflexive, reciprocal, deponent, passive, potential, subjective and objective version. Such polyfunctionality of the prefixes leads us to suppose that they should have more general, common function. Based on a semantic and functional analysis of these prefixes the certain generalization is proposed; and the whole process of prefixes choices is presented as an algorithm with four implicational rules. The algorithm reflects a hierarchically organized optimal generating/dynamic process of linguistic structuring of the verb valence changes continuum both in the Proto-Kartvelian and in the contemporary Kartvelian languages. Such a dynamic approach clarifies why these vowels are poly-functional in the whole Karvelian linguistic space: Georgian, Svan, Megrelian and Laz (id. modern Kartvelian languages) and their dialects; and describes the main direction of diachronic changes in the functions of valence markers, which turn into (co)markers for various derivational verb categories. 

Published
Jul 9, 2019
How to Cite
ASATIANI, Rusudan. An Algorithm Describing the Verb Valence Changes in the Kartvelian Linguistic Space. European Journal of Language and Literature, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 58-62, july 2019. ISSN 2411-4103. Available at: <http://journals.euser.org/index.php/ejls/article/view/4367>. Date accessed: 17 july 2019.