Environmental Impacts Assessment of Chromium Minings in Bulqiza Area, Albania

  • Elizabeta Susaj
  • Enkelejda Kucaj
  • Erald Laçi
  • Lush Susaj

Abstract

Bulqiza District is the largest chromium source, ranked fourth in the world for chrome reserves. It lays in the north-eastern part of Albania, 330-1800 m a.s.l, with 728 km² area, between 41o30’43.1N and 20o14’56.21E. There are 136 entities with chromium extraction activity and around the city of Bulqiza (2.6 km² and 13000 inhabitants), there are 33 entities. The aim of the study was the identification of the environmental state and environmental impact assessment of chromium extraction (chromite mining) and giving recommendations to minimize the negative effects of this activity. Field observations, questionnaires, chemical analysis of soil and water, meetings and interviews with central and local institutions as well as with residents were used for the realization of the study. The obtained results showed that chromium extraction causes numerous irreversible degradation of the environment in the Bulqiza area, such as the destruction of surface land layers and erosion, destruction of flora and fauna, soil and water pollution, health problems, unsustainable use and reduction of chromium reserves, etc. The inert waste that emerges after the chromium partition is discharged to the earth surface without any regularity, covering the surface of the soil and flora, leading to irreversible degradation of the environment. Most of the mining entities do not respect the contracts and environmental permit issued by the Ministry of Energy and Industry (MEI).
Published
Oct 6, 2017
How to Cite
SUSAJ, Elizabeta et al. Environmental Impacts Assessment of Chromium Minings in Bulqiza Area, Albania. European Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 1, p. 35-41, oct. 2017. ISSN 2411-4138. Available at: <http://journals.euser.org/index.php/ejis/article/view/2587>. Date accessed: 23 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.26417/ejis.v9i1.p35-41.