The Agro Exports of Organic Native Products and Environmental Security in Peru

  • Edelina Coayla Faculty of Economic Sciences, Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal
  • Ysabel Bedón Faculty of Administration Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal

Abstract

The study objective is to analyze agro-exports of organic products and environmental security (certification) in Peru. Agro-exports are the second generator of foreign currency for Peru. The descriptive, comparative-graphical method and the polynomial curve are used. In 2019 traditional agro-exports and non-traditional agro-exports contributed 11% and 89% of total agro-exports respectively, the main markets were the United States (35%) and the Netherlands (15%). Peru is the world's leading exporter of native functional products (called superfoods) quinoa and maca. Quinoa is the most demanded native agro-export product internationally. It was found that during the period 2000-2019 the main Peruvian agro-exports of non-traditional products with a vertiginous growth are fruits and vegetables. For the year 2019, fruit agro-exports in terms of FOB value in millions of US $ contribute 56% to the total of non-traditional agro-exports. The increase in fresh grapes, fresh blueberries and fresh avocados is remarkable. Environmental security in terms of the area for organic production affects 51% of agro-exports. Peru promotes organic production from the producer to the final consumer and the certification of organic products in the production, transformation and marketing processes. 

Published
Dec 20, 2020
How to Cite
COAYLA, Edelina; BEDÓN, Ysabel. The Agro Exports of Organic Native Products and Environmental Security in Peru. European Journal of Economics and Business Studies, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 3, p. 105-117, dec. 2020. ISSN 2411-9571. Available at: <http://journals.euser.org/index.php/ejes/article/view/4921>. Date accessed: 10 apr. 2021.