Spatial Variability of Soil Aggregate Stability in a Disturbed River Watershed

  • Zachary Gichuru Mainuri Egerton University, Department of Crops, Horticulture and Soils, Egerton, Kenya.
  • James Odhiambo. Owino

Abstract

Analysis of spatial distribution of soil properties like soil aggregate stability presents an important outset for precision agriculture. The study area was classified into different landscape units according to physiographic features namely: mountains, plateaus, uplands, valleys, pen plains, alluvial plains, lacustrine plains and hills and maps were drawn. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of landscape and land use interaction on the spatial variability of aggregate stability. The variability of aggregate stability exhibited spatial dependence (SDP) which helped in the generation of a spatial dependence index (SDI) that was described using semivariogram models. SPD Gaussian(%) ≤ 25% gave a weak spatial dependence, moderate spatial dependence was given by 25% ( SDP ( % ) ≤ 75% and strong spatial dependence by SDP (%) ) 75%, while SDI Gaussian (%) ≤ 25% gave a strong spatial dependence index while moderate spatial dependence index was indicated by 25% ( SDI (%) ≤ 75%, and weak spatial dependence index SDI (% ) ) 75%. Mean Weight Diameters (MWD) of 0.25 – 0.45 represented unstable soils mostly found in wetlands occurring in valleys, mountains, plains, and depressions in hills, 0 55 –0.62 represented moderately stable soils mostly in agricultural and grassland areas which include plateaus, uplands, and plains, while 0.62 – 0.92 represented stable and very stable soils being found in forested areas, mountains and hills. Various interpolation (kriging) techniques capitalized on the spatial correlation between observations to predict attribute values at unsampled locations using information related to one or several attributes that helped in the construction of an aggregate stability prediction map using Empirical Bayesian kriging (EBK) technique.
Published
Jun 10, 2017
How to Cite
MAINURI, Zachary Gichuru; OWINO, James Odhiambo.. Spatial Variability of Soil Aggregate Stability in a Disturbed River Watershed. European Journal of Economics and Business Studies, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 1, p. 278-290, june 2017. ISSN 2411-9571. Available at: <http://journals.euser.org/index.php/ejes/article/view/2576>. Date accessed: 19 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.26417/ejes.v9i1.p278-290.